|Awarded by the United States Armed Forces|
|Awarded for||Meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flight|
|Established||Executive Order 9158, May 11, 1942 (as amended by E.O. 9242-A, September 11, 1942)|
|Next (higher)||Meritorious Service Medals:
Joint Service, Branch Service
|Next (lower)||Air Force: Aerial Achievement Medal
Army, Navy & Marine Corps: Commendation Medals
Air Medal ribbon (above) - Reverse side of medal (below)
Criteria[edit source | edit]
The Air Medal was established by Executive Order 9158, signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, on 11 May 1942. The Air Medal was awarded retroactive to 8 September 1939. The medal is awarded to anyone who, while serving in any capacity in or with the Armed Forces of the United States, have distinguished themselves by meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flight. 
During World War II the medal's award criteria varied widely depending on the theater of operations, the aircraft flown, and the missions accomplished. In Europe some bomber crewmembers received it for five sorties; elsewhere much higher criteria were used.
The Air Medal may be awarded to recognize single acts of merit or heroism, or for meritorious service. Award of the Air Medal is primarily intended to recognize those personnel who are on current crew member or non-crew member flying status which requires them to participate in aerial flight on a regular and frequent basis in the performance of their primary duties. However, it may also be awarded to certain other individuals whose combat duties require regular and frequent flying in other than a passenger status, or individuals who perform a particularly noteworthy act while performing the function of a crew member but who are not on flying status. These individuals must make a discernible contribution to the operational land combat mission or to the mission of the aircraft in flight. 
Examples of personnel whose combat duties require them to fly include those in the attack elements of units involved in air-land assaults against an armed enemy and those directly involved in airborne command and control of combat operations. Also to include personnel performing "Dustoff" Medevac operations. Awards will not be made to individuals who use air transportation solely for the purpose of moving from point to point in a combat zone.
Subsequent awards of the Air Medal are denoted in the U.S. Army by award numerals displayed on the medal and ribbon. The Army originally used oak leaf clusters, however it changed to numerals during the Vietnam War when the number of Air Medals awarded became too large to be annotated on a single ribbon. The Army and the Air Force also awards the Air Medal with the "V" Device for acts of heroism.
The Secretary of the Air Force approved the "V" device for Air Medals awarded for heroism effective 21 Oct 2004. This applies to all Air Force members (Active Duty, Air Force Reserve, Air National Guard), retirees, and veterans. It is not authorized for wear on the medal for an earlier date.
The Air Force does not utilize numerals on the Air Medal. Subsequent awards are annotated with the traditional oak leaf clusters. Enlisted members are also awarded three points toward promotion.
Variants[edit source | edit]
As of September 27, 2006, gold numerals are used to denote the number of "Individual" Air Medals. This is a return to the standard used before November 22, 1989. In the interval between November 22, 1989 and September 27, 2006, bronze, gold, and silver 5/16 inch stars denoted the number of "Individual" Air Medals awarded. A bronze star was used to denote a first award and gold stars were used for the second through the fifth awards, seventh through tenth awards, and so on. Silver stars were used in lieu of five gold stars, and denote the sixth and eleventh (and so on) awards. For "Individual" Air Medals, the Combat "V" may be authorized.
Bronze Strike/Flight numerals denote the number of Strike/Flight awards.
The United States Coast Guard also awards the Air Medal but not the Strike/Flight Award. Gold and silver 5/16 inch stars are authorized for wear to denote additional Air Medal awards. The gold star denotes the second through fifth award of the Air Medal. The Coast Guard is not authorized any other military device for the Air Medal.
During World War II, the Air Medal was also awarded to members of the Civil Air Patrol that had been participants in that organization's anti-submarine patrol program.
Design[edit source | edit]
The medal's design is prescribed by law.
Description: A Bronze compass rose 1 11/16 inches circumscribing diameter and charged with an eagle volant carrying two lightning flashes in its talons. A fleur-de-lis at the top point holds the suspension ring. The points of the compass rose on the reverse are modeled with the central portion plain for engraving the name of the recipient.
Ribbon: The ribbon is 1 3/8 inches wide and consists of the following stripes:
- 1/8 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118;
- 1/4 inch Golden Orange 67109;
- center 5/8 inch Ultramarine Blue;
- 1/4 inch Golden Orange; and
- 1/8 inch Ultramarine Blue.
Components: The following are authorized components of the Air Medal and the applicable specifications for each:
- a. Decoration (regular size): MIL-D-3943/23. NSN for decoration set is 8455-00-269-5747. For replacement medal NSN 8455-00-246-3837.
- b. Decoration (miniature size): MIL-D-3943/23. NSN 8455-00-996-5002.
- c. Ribbon: MIL-R-11589/7. NSN 8455-00-252-9963.
- d. Lapel Button: MIL-L-11484/17. NSN 8455-00-257-4308.
Notable recipients[edit source | edit]
- Buzz Aldrin
- Irv Anderson
- Henry Arnold
- Rex T. Barber
- John Beal
- Kermit Beahan
- Bruce Bennett
- Leo Berman
- Roy Boehm
- Richard Bong
- Bill Bower
- Patrick Henry Brady (with "V" device and award numeral 52)
- Kenneth Cecil Bunch
- George H. W. Bush
- Ben Nighthorse Campbell
- Howard Cannon
- Roger Chaffee
- Robert L. Coffey, Jr.
- Bruce P. Crandall (23 awards)
- Jack Crichton
- Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.
- Bud Day
- Morton Deutsch
- Jimmy Doolittle
- Wayne A. Downing (with Valor and 2 silver Oak Leaf Clusters)
- Thomas Andrews Drake
- Tammy Duckworth
- Michael Durant
- Thomas Ferebee
- Clark Gable
- Francis Gabreski
- John Glenn
- David E. Grange, Jr. (23 awards)
- Gus Grissom
- David Hackworth (with "V" device and award numeral 34)
- Joe R. Hooper
- Bob Hoover
- Robert L. Howard
- John F. G. Howe
- James D. Hughes
- John E. Hunt
- Jack H. Jacobs
- Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr.
- Johnnie Johnson (RAF officer)
- William T. Kane
- Ben Kuroki
- Clyde Lassen
- Curtis LeMay
- John Levitow
- Jim Lovell
- George Marrett
- Barry McCaffrey
- John McCain, Senator and presidential candidate
- Charles McGee (with 25 Oak Leaf Clusters)
- Ed McMahon actor, entertainer, and Marine pilot
- George McGovern, US congressman, presidential candidate
- Evan Mecham
- John C. Meyer
- Edward S. Michael
- Robin L. Moore, Jr.
- Wayne Morris
- Michael Novosel
- Robin Olds
- Joseph R. Pitts
- Stephen Pless
- Colin Powell
- George Preddy
- Bob Price
- Chesty Puller
- Raleigh Rhodes
- Gene Roddenberry
- Andy Rooney
- Robert Rosenthal
- H. Norman Schwarzkopf
- Arthur D. Simons
- William M. Steger
- James Stewart
- Bert Stiles
- James Stockdale
- Bruce Sundlun
- Charles Sweeney
- William Y. Thompson
- Paul Tibbets
- Witold Urbanowicz
- Patrick M. Walsh
- Bobby Wilks
- Ted Williams
- Delbert Wong
- Chuck Yeager
- Hubert Zemke
References[edit source | edit]
- "Factsheets:Air Medal". Airforce Personnel Center. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- "Executive Orders Disposition Tables". National Archives. 9258. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- "Executive Orders Disposition Tables". National Archives. 9242-a. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- Distinguished Flying Cross and Air Medal Criteria in the Army Air Forces in World War II
- 578.19 Air Medal
- DoD Award Manual, 2010, 1348.33, V3, P. 1 (2), lists service devices
- Rees Shapiro, T. (2011-01-15). "Bill Bower, last surviving bomber pilot of WWII Doolittle Raid, dies at 93". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
- "Combat pilot in two wars led Blue Angels". Los Angeles Times. 2007-12-07. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2007-12-13.
[edit source | edit]
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